Supplements for Diabetics

Supplements for Diabetics

Supplements for Diabetics – Minerals are an essential part of every diet. And the diabetic needs particular minerals if he is to avoid the complications that always arise as a result of the lack of nutrients.

Without minerals, our bodies could not function as efficiently. Sadly, many Americans are woefully deficient in several minerals and because of poor dietary habits.

Diabetics are extremely vulnerable to blindness, fatigue, and poor circulation. The best cholesterol lowering minerals are chromium, calcium, magnesium, selenium and zinc.

Chromium: 90% of Americans do not get 50mcg (micrograms) of chromium a day. The Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences considers 50 to 200 mcg to be necessary.

As a diabetic you need at least 200 to 400 mcg a day. Chromium works with insulin in helping open the cell membranes to accept glucose. Without it, insulin’s action is blocked. Its GTF (glucose tolerance factor) is the crucial molecule that helps speed excess glucose into the cells.

It not only improves insulin’s action to get into the cells, but it has been shown to decrease fasting blood glucose levels, improve glucose tolerance and decrease cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as the HDL, good cholesterol.

Cheese, legumes, beans, peas, whole grains and molasses are good sources of chromium. The best source is brewer’s yeast. However, the taste of brewer’s yeast makes it hard to take, so sprinkling it with your breakfast cereal or mixed in orange juice is a better way to take it.

Chromium comes in many forms; chromium picolinate, chromium GTF and chromium enriched yeast are all suitable in your diet.

The soil from most farms has been depleted of this essential mineral. It is crucial for proper blood sugar control. As most Americans are deficient in this nutrient, it explains the high incidents of obesity and the high number of people with Syndrome X whose blood sugars are normal but who have a higher-than-normal rate of insulin production.

Chromium GTF or chromium picolinate make good supplements.

Magnesium: Low intake of magnesium is a major risk factor that leads to retinopathy and heart disease in the diabetic.

The RDA recommendation for healthy men is 350 mg per day and 300 mg for women. Between 300 to 600 mg ideal. Many people only get between 143 to266 mg, far short of the RDA standard.

Our highly refined diet lacks magnesium. Magnesium, like chromium, is involved in glucose metabolism. Supplementation has been shown to improve insulin response, glucose tolerance and improve the fluidity of red blood cell membranes in diabetic patients.

Most magnesium comes from seeds, nuts, legumes, tofu and green leafy vegetables. You should take the highly absorbed form of magnesium such as magnesium aspartate or magnesium citrate.

Take at least 25 mg of Vitamin B-6 per day to go along as this vitamin is linked with magnesium content in body cells. Without B-6, magnesium doesn’t get into the cells and is otherwise useless.

Potassium: It’s the major mineral inside of all cell membranes and its electrical charge generates what is called “membrane potential”. It’s believed that the ratio of sodium (which exists on the outside of the cells) to potassium is off kilter and this is one of the reasons why insulin cannot open the cell doors to accept glucose.

High potassium diets have been shown to lower the risk of many degenerative diseases such as cancer and heart disease and help improve glucose tolerance.

Plant foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains serve as the best sources of potassium. While a high intake of salt promotes high blood pressure, potassium counteracts this by helping lower blood pressure.

Potassium supplementation can lower the systolic and diastolic blood pressure by an average of 12 to 16 points. If you want to avoid salt, you can substitute with potassium as a safer alternative.

Nu Salt or No-Salt both contain potassium chloride and make good salt substitutes. Generally, supplementation of potassium is safe unless you have kidney disease.

Methyl Sulfonyl Methane: After water and sodium, MSM is one of the significant components in the body. It helps to control inflammation and muscle spasms, enhance blood flow and normalize the immune system.

It’s a crucial mineral for detoxification. It’s an organically bound form of sulfur and found in small amounts in fresh plant food though it is lost in cooking, storage and processing.

Garlic, beans, eggs, cabbage, broccoli, and red peppers are good sources of MSM.

Some of the advantages of MSM are:

● Blood glucose regulation

● Regular bowel movement

● Immune regulation

● Membrane fluidity

Manganese: Low insulin production in animals is due to a lack of manganese. Whole grains, fruits and nuts grown in well fertilized soil are good sources of manganese.

It functions in many enzyme systems including those involved in blood sugar control and thyroid hormone function. It functions in the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD).

Diabetics have only half the manganese of normal people. A good daily dose of manganese for diabetics is 3 to 5 mg.

Zinc: This important mineral has a lot to do with various functions of the body from sexual development to immune functioning and maintenance of nerve tissue.

Good sources of zinc are shell fish, organ meats, fish, pumpkin seeds, ginger root, nuts and seeds.

Zinc deficiency leads to a loss of appetite. 10 to 60 mg per day is considered a safe dose. Too much can lead to copper deficiency and depress HDL cholesterol.

Zinc is a cofactor in more than 200 different enzymes. Low zinc levels lead to infection, poor wound healing, deficiency in taste and smell and skin disorders. It is involved with the secretion, synthesis and utilization of insulin and has anti-viral effects.

It protects against the destruction of beta cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. Diabetics should supplement with 30 mg of zinc per day. Zinc along with vitamin-C and B-6 helps to speed up healing after surgery.

Vanadium: It’s missing in the average American diet. In the form of vanadyl sulfate it helps to control rises in blood sugar in diabetics.

Before insulin was developed, vanadium was used primarily to treat diabetes. Good sources of vanadium are mushrooms, shellfish, dill, parsley and black pepper.

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